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Business Systems

In the Business Systems course the student will use the computer to learn the basics of business law, entrepreneurship, accounting, marketing, international business, economics/personal finance and management. These areas will be explored via multi-media presentations which include these content areas as well as career possibilities and outlooks. These content areas will be reinforced through the student use of MS Word, Excel and Powerpoint. Supplemental materials include reinforcement of the touch system of typing-using the proper techniques, proofreading and document formatting.

Consumer Education (quarter)

This course is designed to provide students with the information necessary to become educated consumers and to make good economic choices in their personal lives. Practical, useful information will be stressed as well as organization and time management skills. Topics may include, but are not limited to, consumerism, money management and budgeting, current financial issues, career research, interviewing, credit banking, record-keeper, etc. Students will embark on career research, which will help them with their graduation project. The ninth grade portion of the graduation project will be completed in this class. Emphasis will be placed on personal career exploration. Students who satisfactorily complete this course will meet the academic standards set by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

Money and Banking

This course is an introduction to the world of finances and its importance in the lives of individuals, families, companies and countries. Students will develop an understanding of capitalism, while studying topics such as financial planning, budgeting, basic and advanced investing information, financial institutions and the Federal Reserve System, credit and the stock market. Students will use various online resources throughout the course. Students will also compete in an online Stock Market game.

Computer Applications 1

This course teaches Microsoft Office XP programs and Adobe InDesign and Photoshop. Using MS Word, Excel and Access, the students will be able to interpret directions and make decisions regarding document production and records management. The students will learn the basics of desktop publishing and picture enhancement using the Adobe software, InDesign and Photoshop. A major project in desktop publishing will be the creation of a personalized yearbook by each student.

Advanced Computer Applications

This computer course will enhance the student's use of different computer software applications. Students will be able to interpret directions and make decisions regarding document production, as well as work on their time management and communication skills when completing various projects throughout the year. Students will use Microsoft PowerPoint to create professional quality slide presentations. The students will learn how to use Photoshop to enhance photos for use in the various publications they will be creating. In addition, students will utilize Adobe InDesign, a desktop publishing software package, to create professional documents through editing, typesetting, design, graphic production and page makeup. A major project in desktop publishing will be the creation of a personalized lifebook by each student. The students will also be responsible for creating and maintaining the sports brochures for various varsity school sports. The students will work closely with the Office of Public Information when completing these brochures. (PREREQUISITES: C in Computer Applications 1 and/or department approval)

Business Communications

This course is designed to help students increase their knowledge and understanding of communications principles and practice and to develop the wide range of communication skills they will need to interact successfully on the job and progress in their careers. The communication process is explored through the development of effective oral and written communication skills as well as non-verbal communications, first impressions and non-traditional forms of communications. In addition, global and cross-cultural communications will be explored. Emphasis will be placed on business correspondence and all forms of business interactions.

Accounting 1

Accounting 1 strives to give the student an overview of a typical accounting system. Emphasis is given to business vocabulary and the development of an understanding of business organization and procedures. The course stresses the "why" as well as the "how" in applying accounting principles to a variety of business records. Much of the material is of personal value, such as knowledge of income taxes, social security taxes, banking records and payroll records. It serves as a sound foundation for further study in the field of accounting or as a background to the business student or entrepreneur. The course presents all phases of the accounting cycle and all basic, common transactions.

Accounting 2

This course is a continuation of the first-year course, offering additional insight and drill in recording and interpreting financial data. Phases of accounting covered include accounts receivable/bad debts, marketable securities, promissory notes, inventory systems and methods of valuation, depreciation and asset valuation, accounts and notes payable, accrued revenues and liabilities, present value, comparative statements, ratios, dividends, etc. Students will find this course of great value if they are interested in entering a business vocation, in furthering their education in any business-related field or in becoming the owner of their own business. (PREREQUISITES: C in Accounting 1 and department approval)

Accounting 3

This course is a continuation of the second-year course, offering advanced training in the analysis of all financial data. Phases of analysis include mortgages, bonds, capital stock, contract law, intangible assets, labor unions, working capital, statement of cash flows, manufacturing and cost accounting operations, managerial planning and cost control, cost-volume-profit relationships and analysis, and pricing decisions. Students will find this course invaluable if they are interested in furthering their education in any business-related field. Extensive computations and analysis will be performed via the microcomputer (Peachtree Automated Accounting). (PREREQUISITES: C in Accounting 2 and department approval)

Business Management

Students will learn the basic concepts of setting up and running a business. The students will gain hands-on experience in setting up and making all of the relevant management decisions for their own business. Students will get acquainted with all the important facts, procedures and concepts that will aid them in managing a business. The students will all be required to research a business of their choice for the final project that will be worked on in steps throughout the year. This course is valuable to not only those who wish to enter business, but to everyone, as we must all deal with business on the consumer level.

Governor Mifflin Middle School MR. JOHN ALTHOUSE, principal
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