UNIT ESSENTIAL QUESTION: Why analyze a speaker's persuasive techniques?
* Remember to keep up with your Daily Oral Language practices.
FRIDAY'S CLASS NOTES - Monday's assignment is further down this page. Scroll down after reviewing the notes.
IN-CLASS WRITING PROMPT FOR TUESDAY, DECEMBER 17TH
Prompt: How did John F. Kennedy, a president elected with the lowest popular vote, gain a 75% approval rating after his speech?
Use what you discovered about Abraham Lincoln's persuasive strategies and state how Kennedy used them to his advantage in his inaugural address. Make certain to include a hook that shares a strategy used only by Kennedy before introducing the strategies which Kennedy learned from studying Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.
- Strive to be specific.
- State your ideas clearly.
- Support all ideas with proof from both texts.
- Explain how Kennedy used each strategy to his advantage.
- Use commas and quotation marks properly when quoting.
- Titles of speeches should be underlined.
- Check all your capitalization, verb tenses, end punctuation, and comma usage. You are responsible for all DOL skills covered to date.
Thurday, December 5th
LEQ: What can Aristotle and Joshua Bell teach us about persuasion?
If you were not in class for the persuasion lesson (ISN, p.35) or if you forgot to take notes during the lesson, here it is again.
Friday, December 6th
LEQ: How do logos, ethos, and pathos differ?
Here is the link to TED video we watched in class:Birke Baehr: What's wrong with our food system.
Watch the video. Then, complete your Persuasion Map as follows (ISN, p. 37)
Goal - To persuade his audience to change their mind about food
Reason #1 - Logos
- facts/examples - What facts or examples does he use in his logical argument? Find three facts or examples and explain in your own words.
Reason #2 - Ethos
- facts/examples - What information does he give us that makes him trustworthy, reliable, or credible? Find three facts or examples and explain in your words.
Reason #3 - Pathos
- facts/examples - What does he share with us that makes us connect to him emotionally? What stories or personal information? Find three facts or examples and explain in your own words.
Monday, December 9th (Shortened Periods)
LEQ: How does a speaker organize his rhetoric? (ISN, p. 37)
In class, we used Friday's persuasion map to discuss the following:
- How does Birke use rhetoric?
- Is it vital to use all three means of rhetoric?
- How is persuasion organized?
WWK to date: primary source, secondary source, persuasion, rhetoric, logos, ethos, pathos
Wednesday, December 11th; Thursday, December 12th
We are often asked our thoughts about a speaker's ideas or approach. Why does it matter? Well, in this multi-day exploration, you will uncover not only the value in analysis but also how to annotate a text to help you analyze it and what persuasive strategies a speaker may be using.
We will use the inaugural address of John F. Kennedy, our 35th president. After you learn how to annotate a text and the kinds of persuasive strategies speakers employ, you will work with your peers to analyze Kennedy's text and explain to me how a president elected with the lowest popular vote gained a 75% approval rating after his speech.
What does it mean to annotate?
How is annotation used in a close reading?
What are persuasive strategies?
How does Abraham Lincoln use persuasive strategies?
How does Kennedy's speech reflect Lincoln's persuasive strategies?
LEQ: What does it mean to annotate during a close reading?
On Wednesday, the class took notes for annotation (ISN, 41) with common shorthand codes for annotation. You will find a poster with the codes in the classroom. Here is a link to a pdf with the notes.
LEQ: How do authors (like Lincoln) use persuasive strategies?
We applied the skill of annotation to our reading of Lincoln's speech. I modeled the skill using Lincoln's Gettysburg Address - the first paragraph only. Students were to annotate paragraph 2 for homework.
On Thursday, after our DOL, students put their annotations on the whiteboard, we discussed the annotations, and I gave the class notes.
Why Lincoln's speech? Lincoln's speech is famous not only for its brevity but also its message. We read a short background on JFK's Inaugural Address on Monday, which stated that he read speeches, especially Lincoln's Gettysburg Address before writing his own speech. We wondered why he did that. By the end of this lesson, students were able to note at least six persuasive strategies that Lincoln used:
- a logical appeal
- an emotional appeal
- an ethical appeal
Students took notes (ISN, p. 43) of the persuasive strategies of anaphora, parallelism, and antithesis with examples from Lincoln's speech.
Did you miss class or are you still a bit confused?
- Watch the video "Annotating a NonFiction Text" for a general idea.
- Then, watch "Learning How to Annotate" for a model.
- Finally, watch "Annotate.mov" for more instruction.
Check out this page for notes on anaphora and parallelism, and this page for antithesis.
Friday, December 13th and Monday, December 16th
LEQ: How are Lincoln's persuasive strategies reflected in Kennedy's Inaugural Address?
Given Kennedy's Inaugural Address and working in groups, you will annotate the text, determine similarities in persuasive strategies, and create a graphic organizer for your discoveries.
Tuesday, December 17th
PERIOD 7/8 ONLY - NF Informational Text Unit Exam (Makeup)
All other Periods:
Writing Assessment: In-class short response essay
You will read a prompt and use primary source textual evidence and critical thinking skills to respond to the prompt. You are responsible for all grammatical and mechanical skills covered to date as well.
Wednesday, December 18th
Reading Assessment: Test
You will read a text and answer text dependent multiple choice questions.
Thurday, December 19th and Friday, December 20th
Introduction of Persuasive Writing Assignment Choices